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Scan down this page to learn a bit about vinyl records. Most of the content below has been adapted from wikipedia.
About Vinyl Records
Since the 1990s, vinyl records continue to be manufactured and sold on a smaller scale, and are especially used by disc jockeys (DJs) and released by artists in mostly dance music genres, and listened to by a growing niche market of audiophiles. The phonograph record has made a niche resurgence in the early 21st century – 9.2 million vinyl records were sold in the U.S. in 2014, a 260% increase since 2009.
Likewise, in the UK sales increased five-fold from 2009 to 2014.
The phonograph disc record was the primary medium used for music reproduction throughout the 20th century. It had co-existed with the phonograph cylinder from the late 1880s and had effectively superseded it by around 1912. Vinyl records retained the largest market share even when new formats such as the compact cassette were mass-marketed. By the 1980s, digital media, in the form of the compact disc, had gained a larger market share, and the vinyl record left the mainstream in 1991.
A phonograph record (also known as a gramophone record, especially in British English), often simply record, is an analog sound storage medium in the form of a flat disc with an inscribed, modulated spiral groove. The groove usually starts near the periphery and ends near the center of the disc. At first, the discs were commonly made from shellac; starting in the 1940s polyvinyl chloride became common. Since then, gradually, records made of any material began to be called vinyl records, or simply vinyl.
New Vinyl Records
Finding and buying new vinyl records is a snap when you are shopping vinyl records.
Pressing Vinyl Records
As of 2017, 48 vinyl record pressing facilities remain worldwide, 18 in the United States and 30 in other countries. The increased popularity of vinyl has led to the investment in new and modern record-pressing machines.Only two producers of lacquers (acetate discs) remain: Apollo Masters in California, and MDC in Japan.
Vinyl Record Sizes
Phonograph records are generally described by their diameter in inches:
the rotational speed in revolutions per minute (rpm) at which they are played
- 8 1⁄3
- 16 2⁄3,
- 33 1⁄3
and their time capacity, determined by their diameter and speed
- (LP [long playing], 12-inch disc, 33 1⁄3 rpm;
- SP [single], 10-inch disc, 78 rpm, or 7-inch disc, 45 rpm;
- EP [extended play], 12-inch disc or 7-inch disc, 33 1⁄3 or 45 rpm);
their reproductive quality, or level of fidelity:
and the number of audio channels
Used Vinyl Records
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Caring for Vinyl Records
Vinyl records may be scratched or warped if stored incorrectly but if they are not exposed to high heat, carelessly handled or broken, a vinyl record has the potential to last for centuries.
The large cover (and inner sleeves) are valued by collectors and artists for the space given for visual expression, especially when it comes to the long play vinyl LP.
Vinyl Records Imports
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American Inventor Thomas Edison
In 1877, Thomas Edison invented the phonograph. Unlike the phonautograph, it could both record and reproduce sound. Despite the similarity of name, there is no documentary evidence that Edison's phonograph was based on Scott's phonautograph. Edison first tried recording sound on a wax-impregnated paper tape, with the idea of creating a "telephone repeater" analogous to the telegraph repeater he had been working on.
Although the visible results made him confident that sound could be physically recorded and reproduced, his notes do not indicate that he actually reproduced sound before his first experiment in which he used tinfoil as a recording medium several months later.
The tinfoil was wrapped around a grooved metal cylinder and a sound-vibrated stylus indented the tinfoil while the cylinder was rotated. The recording could be played back immediately. The Scientific American article that introduced the tinfoil phonograph to the public mentioned Marey, Rosapelly and Barlow as well as Scott as creators of devices for recording but, importantly, not reproducing sound.
Edison also invented variations of the phonograph that used tape and disc formats.
Numerous applications for the phonograph were envisioned, but although it enjoyed a brief vogue as a startling novelty at public demonstrations, the tinfoil phonograph proved too crude to be put to any practical use. A decade later, Edison developed a greatly improved phonograph that used a hollow wax cylinder instead of a foil sheet. This proved to be both a better-sounding and far more useful and durable device. The wax phonograph cylinder created the recorded sound market at the end of the 1880s and dominated it through the early years of the 20th century.
Vinyl Records Turntables (Record Players)
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Turntables, originally named "Phonographs" meaning "sound writing"
The phonograph is a device for the mechanical recording and reproduction of sound. In its later forms, it is also called a gramophone (as a trademark since 1887, as a generic name in the UK since 1910) or, since the 1940s, a record player. The sound vibration waveforms are recorded as corresponding physical deviations of a spiral groove engraved, etched, incised, or impressed into the surface of a rotating cylinder or disc, called a "record".
To recreate the sound, the surface is similarly rotated while a playback stylus traces the groove and is therefore vibrated by it, very faintly reproducing the recorded sound. In early acoustic phonographs, the stylus vibrated a diaphragm which produced sound waves which were coupled to the open air through a flaring horn, or directly to the listener's ears through stethoscope-type earphones.
Speakers for Vinyl Records Turntables or Record Players
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Vinyl Records Washers
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